Deep reflection which causes the eyes to cry

وعن أبي أمامة صدي بن عجلان الباهلي، رضي الله عنه ، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال‏:‏ ‏ “‏ليس شئ أحب إلى الله تعالى من قطرتين وأثرين‏:‏ قطرة دموع من خشية الله، وقطرة دم تهراق في سبيل الله، وأما الأثران‏:‏ فأثر في سبيل الله تعالى، وأثر في فريضة من فرائض الله تعالى‏”‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه الترمذي‏.‏وقال حديث حسن‏)‏‏

“There is nothing more beloved to Allah than two drops. The teardrop that falls from the fear of Allah, and the drop of blood shed in the Path of Allah.” (Hasan, reported by at-Tirmidhi)

وعن ابن عباس، رضي الله عنهما قال‏:‏ سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول‏:‏ “عينان لا تمسهما النار عين بكت من خشية الله، وعين باتت تحرس في سبيل الله‏”‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه الترمذي وقال‏:‏ حديث حسن‏.‏ ‏)‏‏

Ibn ‘Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying, “Two eyes will never be touched by the fire of Hell; an eye which weeps out of Fear of Allah and an eye which spends the night in guarding in the Cause of Allah .” [At-Tirmidhi].

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “There are seven people who Allah will give protection with His Shade on the Day when there will be no shade except His Shade (i.e., on the Day of Resurrection).” … The last of those he(SAW) mentioned was “a person who remembers Allah in solitude and his eyes well up.” <rajulun dhakar Allaha khaaliyan fafaadhat ‘aynaah> [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
 Khaaliyan can meanwhile they are alone or that the heart is alone with Him(SWT) despite being surrounded by people.

How do I cry?

Someone asked a scholar once, how do I become a person who cries out of recognition of Allah(SWT). The scholar replied that ‘abara (shedding tears) min al ‘ibra (is from reflection). Once the heart has the ability to reflect, tears will flow. Not just those who can cry on demand which is just water flowing, rather a state of the heart.
A man asked the Prophet (SAW) fa in lam tabkoo, fatabaakow – if you can’t cry, then at least make the face of one crying – present yourself humbly before your Lord.

The word in Arabic for eye is ‘ayn – this is the same word for spring and our teacher would explain that this is because a spring is only a spring while water comes from it and if it stops, it is just a mound of earth. Similarly, the eye is only an eye when it cries – when it loses its ability to cry, it is just a dry weight. The water of the spring removes the impurity of this world, while the water of the eye removes the impurity of the heart. The water of the spring has the ability to extinguish the fire of this world and the water of the eye extinguishes the fire of the Hereafter.

38:29
[This is] a blessed Book which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], that they might reflect upon its verses and that those of understanding would be reminded. [Surah Sad 38:29]
Ibn ‘Abbaas, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “Performing two Rak‘ahs with reflection is better than performing prayers all night without heart (reflection).”
Al-Fudhayl may Allah have mercy upon him said, “The Quran was revealed to be implemented, but people made its recitation their aim.” People asked, “How do we implement the Quran?” He replied, “By holding its permissible acts to be permissible and its prohibited acts to be prohibited, abiding by its orders and abandoning its prohibitions, and reflecting on its wonders.”

How did the Prophet (SAW) and the early generations reflect?

5:118

When the Prophet(SAW) read “If You should punish them – indeed they are Your servants; but if You forgive them – indeed it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise”. [Quran 5:118], he cried so much. This was the dua of Prophet Isa (AS) when asking for mercy and forgiveness for their own people. Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was racked with worry thinking about the fate of his Ummah and raises his hand, crying and saying:

Allahumma Ummati, Allahumma Ummati – O Allah my Ummah, O Allah my Ummah.

Allah (SAW) at this point, told Jibreel to go to the Prophet (SAW) and ask him why is he crying (of course Allah knew why). So Jibreel came and asked the Prophet (SAW), the Prophet   replied,

I am crying thinking for my Ummah, thinking of what will be their fate.

So Jibreel went back and Allah said to him,

O Jibreel, go back to Muhammad and tell him, we are going to please you for your Ummah. And we are not going to cause you any irritation. [Sahih Muslim]

In Musnad al-Daarimi it is narrated from Abu Muhammad that al-Taymi said: Whoever is given knowledge and does not weep, he deserves not to have any knowledge, because Allah has described those who have knowledge; then he recited:
17:109
“And they fall upon their faces weeping, and the Qur’an increases them in humble submission.” [Al-Israa 17:109]
One night, the Prophet(SAW) asked Aisha for permission to spend the night with Allah(SWT) and despite her wish to spend the night with him(SAW), she agreed. So he stood and started praying and he prayed and prayed for a long period – hattaa ballat lihyatahu – until his beard became soaked with his tears. Then fasajada wabakaa hattaa ballatil ardh. Finally he finished and came and lay down next to Aisha(RA) and she didn’t say anything to him recognising he was on a spiritual high. So he rested until Bilal (RA) did the adhan and called him for fajr salaah waiting to accompany him to the masjid. On seeing his beleaguered face, Bilal(RA) asked what the matter was. The Prophet(SAW) said that tonight some Qur’an has been revealed to me and since their revelation I can’t stop crying. Ibn Kathir relates that they were these aayaat from Surah Aale Imran:
It was this last aayah which caused him to break down out of worry for those who oppressed or were wrongdoers as he did not want a single person to enter the Hellfire.
Fudhay ibn iyad (rh) read from Surah yasin and cried and cried when he reached36:59
“But stand apart today, you criminals.” saying what if I am of that group? I fear more than the punishment of this Day, that Allah(SWT) will be angry with me.
Ibn ul Qayyim would say Qahtul ‘ayn Qahtul qalb (A drought in the eyes is a drought of the hearts) and went further to identify 10 different types of crying:
  1. Bukaa ul khawf – crying from fear
  2. Bukaa ur Rahma – crying from Mercy
  3. Bukaa ul muhabba – crying from love like that of a parent with their child
  4. Bukaa ul farh – crying from joy like Abu Bakr (RA) finding out he was to blessed with the companionship of the Prophet(SAW) during hijrah
  5. Bukaa ul jaz’a – crying from terror
  6. Bukaa ul huzn – crying from grief
  7. Bukaa ul khawf wad dha’f – crying from weakness
  8. Bukaa un nifaaq – tears of hypocrisy crying but without any fear in your heart
  9. Bukaa ul musta’aar – tears on hire who were requested when someone
  10. Bukaa um min khashyatillah – tears for the sake of Allah(SWT)

How long has it been since these eyes cried for the sake of Allah(SWT)?

Mufti Taqi Usmani wrote this couplet while sitting before the Ka’bah:

Ye aanke khushk he yaa Rabb – inne rowna nahay aatha
laghta dhaag he dil me jinne dhowna nahay aatha
My Lord, my eyes have gone dry and have lost their ability to cry
and as a result of that I have this burning marks of sins that I just can’t wash away

As the Urdu poet said Aansow kee zabaan haw meri turjumaan O my Lord, let a point come in my life where my words stop and my tears speak on behalf of the state of my heart.

Ramadan Reminder 2018 series – the Taqwa toolbox

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