Understanding Eid-ul-Adha

1.History of Eid

 عن انس قال: قدم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم المدينة ولهم يومان يلعبون فيهما فقال ما هاذان اليومان قالوا كنا نلعب فيهما فى الجاهلية فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ان الله قد ابدلكم بهما خيرا منهما يوم 
الاضحى و يوم الفطر 

Anas RA (May Allah be pleased with him) said: When the messenger of Allah (May Allah be pleased with him) came to Madinah, the people had two days on which they would play games, He (May Allah be pleased with him) asked: What are these two days? They replied we used to play games on these days during the pre-Islamic days, then the messenger of Allah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “Indeed Allah has exchanged these two days with a better two days (they are) the day of Adh’ha and the day of fitr”. (Abu Dawood)
 

2. History & Virtue of Udh’hiyah- Qurbani

قال اصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يا رسول الله ما هذه الاضاحي قال سنة ابيكم ابراهيم قالوا فما لنا فيها قال بكل شعرة حسنة قالوا فالصوف قال بكل 
شعرة من الصوف حسنة

 The companions of the Prophet (May Allah be pleased with him) enquired that ‘Oh messenger of Allah (May Allah be pleased with him) what is this ‘animal sacrifice’? He replied: It is the sunnah of your father Ibrahim (May Allah bless him). They said: What is in there for us? He replied: For every hair a reward, they said: What about wool?, He replied: For every strand of wool ‘a reward’. (Ahmad)

3. Saying ‘ Taqab’balal’lahu Min’na Wa Mink’ as Eid Dua & Greeting

كان اصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم اذا التقوا يوم العيد يقول بعضهم لبعض: تقبل الله منا ومنك

When the companions of the messenger of Allah (May Allah be pleased with him) would meet on Eid day, they would say to each other ‘May Allah accept us and you’. (Fathul Bari)

4. Eid is a Day of Eating & Drinking

عن عقبة ابن عامر ان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال ان يوم عرفة و يوم النحر و ايام التشريق عيدنا اهل الاسلام وهي ايام اكل 
و شرب

Uqbah Ibn Amir narrated that the messenger of Allah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: Indeed the day of Arafah and the day of Nahr (Day of slaughtering meaning Eid day) and days of Tashreeq are our Eid, the people of Islam, and they are the days of ‘Eating and Drinking’. (Nasai)

Note:
– Although eating on the day of Arafah, the 9th is perfectly fine however the Prophet (May Allah be pleased with him) also encouraged fasting for those who are not performing hajj
– Days of Tashreeq are 9th to 13th of Dhul Hijjah

5.Islamic songs, playing & watching sports on Eid day

عن عاءشة قالت دخل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عندها يوم فطر او اضحى و عندى جاريتان تغنيان بغناء بعاث فاضطجع على الفراش وحول وجهه فدخل ابو بكر فانتهرني وقال مزمار الشيطان عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فاقبل عليه رسول الله صلى عليه فقال 
دعهما فلما غفل غمزتهما فخرجتا وكان يوم عيد يلعب السودان بالدرق و الحراب فاما سألت رسول الله صلى عليه وسلم واما قال تشتهين تنظرين فقلت نعم فاقامني وراءه خدي على خده وهو يقول دونكم يا بني ارفدة حتى اذا مللت قال حسبك قلت نعم قال فاذهبي

Aisha (RA) narrated that the messenger of Allah (May Allah be pleased with him) entered (my house) whilst I had two girls singing the song of the battle of Buaath. Then He (May Allah be pleased with him) lied down and turned his face away. Later Abu Bakr (RA) entered and told me off by saying ‘ Instruments of Satan next to the messenger of Allah (May Allah be pleased with him). Then the messenger of Allah (May Allah be pleased with him) turned towards him and said “leave them”.
And when He (May Allah be pleased with him) became unattentive I hinted to them (two girls to leave) hence they left. 
And it was the day of Eid and the black people were playing with shields and spears. 
It was, either I asked the messenger of Allah (May Allah be pleased with him) or he asked me that do you want to watch, so I said ‘yes’. He made me stand behind him, my cheek touching his cheek and He (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “Oh Banu Arfadah be busy” ( cheering them on), when I became bored he said “Is this enough”, I replied ‘yes’. Then he asked me to leave. (Muslim)

Note:
-The lyrics of any songs must not contain anything un-Islamic 
– In Islam only Duff- one sided drum is allowed
– Any gathering open to male and female must facilitate and encourage Islamic Hijab

6. Adornment on Eid

عن الحسن السبط قال: أمرنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فى العيدين ان نلبس أجود ما نجد وان نتطيب باجود ما نجد وان نضحى باثمن ما نجد

Hasan As-Sibt said: that the messenger of Allah (May Allah be pleased with him) commanded us to wear the best clothes that we could find for both Eids and to use the best perfume that we could find and to sacrifice the most expensive animal that we could find. (Haakim)

7. Eating after Eid Salah

عن بريدة رضى الله عنه قال: كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يخرج يوم الفطر حتى يأكل ولايأكل يوم الاضحى حتى يرجع فيأكل من أضحيته

Buraidah RA said: “The Prophet (May Allah be pleased with him) would not go out on Eidul Fitr until he had eaten and he would not eat on Eidul Adh’ha until he returned and he would eat from his sacrifice”. (Ahmad)

– This may not be possible in the UK due to delays in Animal sacrifice hence one may eat anything halal

8. Walking to Eid Salah

عن علي: قال ان من السنة ان يمشي الى العيد

Ali RA said: It is sunnah to walk towards the Eid Salah. (Ibn Majah)

 

9. Going through one route and returning from another

عن ابى هريرة قال: كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم اذا خرج الى العيد يرجع فى غير الطريق الذي خرج فيه

Abu Hurairah RA said: “When the Prophet (May Allah be pleased with him) would leave for Eid (Salah) he would return from a different route to the one he went in”. (Muslim)

 

10. Warning against neglecting animal sacrifice

عَن أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ مَنْ كَانَ لَهُ سَعَةٌ وَلَمْ يُضَحِّ فَلَا يَقْرَبَنَّ مُصَلَّانَا

Abu Hurairah narrates that the messenger of Allah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: ‘One who has the capacity and does not sacrifice then he should not come near our place of (eid) prayer. (Ibn Majah)

 

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